Biological Evaluation of 3-Aminoisoquinolin-1(2H)-one Derivatives as Potential Anticancer Agents
Keywords:1-isoquinolinone, anticancer activity, growth inhibitor, cytostatic activity, selectivity
Anticancer activity of a series of 3-(hetaryl/aryl)amino substituted isoquinolin-1(2H)-ones has been studied within the international scientific program “NCI-60 Human Tumor Cell Lines Screen”. Screening was performed in vitro on 60 cell lines of lungs, kidneys, CNS, ovaries, prostate, and breast cancer, epithelial cancer, leukemia, and melanoma. The most effective compounds were those with thiazolyl or pyrazolyl substituent at 3-amino group and had no substituents at C(4) of the isoquinoline cycle. We identified a new lead compound, 3-(1,3-thiazol-2-ylamino)isoquinolin-1(2H)-one 12, which effectively prevents tumor cell growth (average lg GI50 = -5.18, lg TGI = -4.1, lg LC50 > -4.0) with good selectivity.
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