Physicochemical Quality of Water from Chuho Springs, Kisoro District, Uganda


  • Gerald Nkurunziza Mbarara University of Science and Technology
  • Timothy Omara Moi University
  • Caroline Kiwanuka Nakiguli Mbarara University
  • Paul Mukasa Mbarara University of Science and Technology
  • Denis Byamugisha Mbarara University of Science and Technology
  • Emmanuel Ntambi Mbarara University of Science and Technology



pH, temperature, conductivity, trace metals, water quality index


In the current study, water from Chuho springs used as the main water source in Kisoro municipality, Uganda were assessed for their suitability as drinking water. The temperature, turbidity, conductivity, total dissolved solids, dissolved oxygen, biological oxygen demand, total hardness, total alkalinity, calcium, magnesium, phosphates, iron, copper, arsenic, chlorides and the fluoride content of the water samples were determined. Not all the parameters met World Health Organizations’ guidelines for drinking water. Temperature, dissolved oxygen and fluorides were outside the recommended limits of 15 ℃, 10-12 mg/L and 1.5 mg/L, respectively. Further studies should assess the microbiological and sanitary profile of the springs.

Author Biographies

Gerald Nkurunziza, Mbarara University of Science and Technology

Department of Chemistry, Student

Timothy Omara, Moi University

Researcher, Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, School of Sciences and Aerospace Studies, Moi University, Uasin Gishu County, P.O. Box 3900, Eldoret, Kenya.

Caroline Kiwanuka Nakiguli, Mbarara University

Lecturer, Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Mbarara University of Science and Technology, P.O. Box 1410, Mbarara, Uganda

Paul Mukasa, Mbarara University of Science and Technology

Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Mbarara University of Science and Technology, P.O. Box 1410, Mbarara, Uganda

Denis Byamugisha, Mbarara University of Science and Technology

Lecturer, Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Mbarara University of Science and Technology, P.O. Box 1410, Mbarara, Uganda

Emmanuel Ntambi, Mbarara University of Science and Technology

Lecturer and Head of Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Mbarara University of Science and Technology, P.O. Box 1410, Mbarara, Uganda


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