Increasing the efficiency Proton exchange membrane (PEMFC) & other fuel cells through multi graphene layers including polymer membrane electrolyte

Azin Chitsazan, Majid Monajjemi

Abstract

Multi layers Graphene has been simulated theoretically for hydrogen storage and oxygen diffusion at a single unit of fuel cell. Ion transport rate of DFAFC, PAFC, AFC, PEMFC, DMFC and SOFC fuel cells have been studied. AFC which uses an aqueous alkaline electrolyte is suitable for temperature below 90 degree and is appropriate for higher current applications, while PEMFC is suitable for lower temperature compared to others.  Thermodynamic equations have been investigated for those fuel cells in viewpoint of voltage output data. Effects of operating data including temperature (T), pressure (P), proton exchange membrane water content (λ) , and proton exchange membrane thickness  on the optimal performance of the irreversible fuel cells have been studied.Obviously, the efficiency of PEMFC extremely related to amount of the H2 concentration, water activities in catalyst substrates and polymer of electrolyte membranes, temperature, and such variables dependence in the direction of the fuel and air streams.

Keywords

PEM fuel cells; parameter modelling and simulation; graphene; Langmuir adsorption

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