Study of impact factors and the mechanism of gypsum binder hydration process in the presence of nanomodifiers

Victor Derevianko, Natalia Kondratieva, Hanna Hryshko


This article represents the results of the research of nanomodification of mineral binders involving structure formation mechanisms and gypsum binder hydration process, and thus, affecting various properties. Experiments proved that during growth, crystals partly penetrate into each other and form a three-dimensional network permeating and incorporating the entire gypsum stone into a whole body, which promotes structuring of calcium sulfate matrix and improvement in gypsum compressive strength up to 30%. Chemical functionalization of the surface of carbon nanotubes promotes a reduced sedimentation effect, allows for a more uniform nanostructure dispergation throughout the modified material volume and provides chemical interaction between the substance matrix and nanotubes.


carbon nanotubes; calcium sulfate hemihydrate; modification; hydration; gypsum matrix

Full Text:



Chumak A.G., Derevianko V.N., Petrunin S.Yu., Popov M.Yu., Vaganov V.E. Structure and properties of a composite material based on gypsum binder and carbon nanotubes. J. Nanotechnology in Construction 2013; 2:27–37.

Reshetnyak V.V., Vaganov V.E., Petrunin S.Yu., Chumak A.G., Popov M.Yu. Interaction of calcium ions with carcass carbon structures. J. Construction, Materials Science, Mechanical Enginering 2013;67:261–266.

Petrenko D.B. Modified Boehm's method for the determination of hydroxyl groups in carbon nanotubes. Electronic Journal “Bulletin of the Moscow State Regional University”, Chemistry 2012; 1

Khabashesku V. Covalent functionalization of carbon nanotubes: synthesis, properties and applications of fluorinated derivatives. Russian Chemical Reviews 2011;80(8):705-725.

Yakovlev G.I., Pervushyn G.N., Korzhenko A., Buryanov A.F., Pudov I.A., Lushnikova A.A. Modification of cement concretes with multi-walled carbon nanotubes, J. Constr. Materials 2011; 2:47-51.

Badamshina E, Gafurova M, Estrin Y. Modification of carbon nanotubes and synthesis of polymeric composites involving the nanotubes. Russian Chemical Reviews 2010;79(11):945-979.

Yudovich M.E., Ponomaryov A.N., Gareyev S.I. Surface active properties of nanomodified plasticizers, J. Construction Materials 2008; 3:2-3.

Morsy M., Elkhodary S.A., Shebl S.S. Synthesis and characterization of thermally stable carbon nanotubes using the ARC-Discharge technique, J. Construction Materials: Reports of the V International conference “Nanotechnology for Green and Sustainable Construction”, March 23-25, Cairo. 2012; 2:44-47.

Carbone M, Ballirano P, Caminiti R. Kinetics of gypsum dehydration at reduced pressure: an energy dispersive X-ray diffraction study. European Journal of Mineralogy 2008;20(4):621-627.

Lager G.A., Armruster Th., Rotella F.J., Jorgensen J.D., Hinks D.G. A crystallographic study of the low-temperature dehydration products of gypsum, CaSO42H2O: hemihydrate CaSO40.5OH2O, and γ-CaSO4, J. American Mineralogist 1984; 69:910 – 918.

Bushuyev N.N. On structural peculiarities of СaSO4, The Proceedings of the USSR Academy of Sciences. Section “Crystallography”. 1980; 255(5): 1104-1109.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

ISSN 2312-3222 (Online)

Creative Commons License
 French-Ukrainian Journal of Chemistry is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

Copyright (c) 2013 French-Ukrainian Journal of Chemistry