Investigation of the structure, phase composition, and electrochemical characteristics of hydrogen-sorbing intermetallics of the La–Мg–Ni system obtained by the sintering method

Artem Krynytskyi, Larysa Shcherbakova, Kateryna Hraivoronska, Anatolii Sameliuk, Yurii Solonin

Abstract


The crystal structure, phase composition, and electrochemical properties of the materials obtained by sintering of (LaNi3+Mg+Ni) powder mixture in the temperature range 640–1020°С have been investigated. Experimental results show that, at temperatures of ≤850°С, the sintered multiphase material, whose major phases are phases with PuNi3-type structure (LaMg2Ni9 and LaNi3) and CaCu5-type structure (LaNi5), is formed. With increase in temperature, the number of phases in the sintered material decreases to a single major phase LaNi5, and the content of the LaMg2Ni9 phase practically does not change. It has been established that increase in sintering temperature deteriorates the activation of the electrode materials and slows down the hydrogen absorption process. At the same time, the maximum discharge capacity and cyclic stability of electrodes increase.

Keywords


sintering; phase composition; discharge capacity; kinetics; cyclic stability

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References


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.17721/fujcV6I1P1-6

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 French-Ukrainian Journal of Chemistry is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

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