Qualitative Simultaneous Identification of Inorganic and Hydrocarbon Gases by GC-TCD using Column Coupling Method

Oman Zuas, Muhammad Rizky Mulyana


The potential application of the GC-TCD using column coupling method was investigated by means of comparison with the single column method for the identification of gas mixture containing 5 inorganic and 6 hydrocarbon gases. The results indicate the useful of column coupling method, relative to the single column method. In addition, the flow rate of carrier gas and column temperature on the retention time of the target components have a notice-able effect. Application of the column coupling method for qualitative identification of the targeted components in natural gas samples indicate that the method can be used for routine work.


qualitative identification; gas chromatography; thermal conductivity detector; column coupling; inorganic gases; hydrocarbon gases

Full Text:



Balaban NE, Bobick JE. The Handy Science Answer Book. 4th edition. Miami, USA: VISIBLE INK PRESS: p. 55-92.

Perkinelmer.com. Waltham USA: A technical Note-Perkin Elmer; 2014 [Updated 18 August 2016; cited on 29 November 2016]. Available at http://perkinelmerr.com.

Agilent.com. Wilmington USA: Converting Helium Carrier Gas GC Methods to Nitrogen and Hydrogen; 2012 [Updated September 2012;cited on 24 November 2016]. Available at http://www.agilent.com/.

Arakawa T, Ejima D, Tsumoto K, Ishibashi M, Tokunaga M. Improved performance of column chromatography by arginine: Dye-affinity chromatography. Protein Expression and Purification 2007;52(2):410-414. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pep.2006.10.005

Li Y, Du X, Wang Y, Tai H, Qiu D, Lin Q, Jiang Y. Improvement of column efficiency in MEMS-Based gas chromatography column. RSC Adv. 2014;4(8):3726-3731. https://doi.org/10.1039/c3ra44255a

Rahman M, Abd El-Aty A, Choi J, Shin H, Shin S, Shim J. Basic Overview on Gas Chromatography Columns. Analytical Separation Science 2015;:823-834. https://doi.org/10.1002/9783527678129.assep024

Moldoveanu SC, David V. Sample preparation in chromatography. Amsterdam, Netherlands: ELSEVIER SCIENCE B.V.; 2002, pp. 920-948.

Navaei M, Mahdavifar A, Dimandja J, McMurray G, Hesketh P. All Silicon Micro-GC Column Temperature Programming Using Axial Heating. Micromachines 2015;6(7):865-878. https://doi.org/10.3390/mi6070865

Navaei M, Mahdavifar A, Xu J, Dimandja J, McMurray G, Hesketh P. Micro-Fabrication of All Silicon 3 Meter GC Columns Using Gold Eutectic Fusion Bonding. ECS Journal of Solid State Science and Technology 2015;4(10):S3011-S3015. https://doi.org/10.1149/2.0031510jss

Luong J, Gras R, Mustacich R, Cortes H. Low Thermal Mass Gas Chromatography: Principles and Applications. Journal of Chromatographic Science 2006;44(5):253-261. https://doi.org/10.1093/chromsci/44.5.253

Efer J, Maurer T, Engewald W. Application of selectivity tuning in series-coupled capillary GC columns for the exact quantification of the quenching effect in FPD detection. Chromatographia 1990;29(3-4):115-119. https://doi.org/10.1007/bf02268695

HIRATA Y, IMAMURA E, YAZAWA Y. Serially Coupled Capillary Columns Supercritical Fluid Chromatography with a Coupling Restrictor. Analytical Sciences 2003;19(5):727-730. https://doi.org/10.2116/analsci.19.727

Dembitsky VM, Abu-Lafi S, Hanus LO. Separation of sulfur-containing fatty acids from garlic, Allium sativum, using serially coupled capillary columns with consecutive nonpolar, semipolar, and polar stationary phases. Acta Chrom 2007;18:206-216.

Blase R, Patrick E, Mitchell J, Libardoni M. Analysis of cave atmospheres by comprehensive two-dimensional gas chromatography (GC×GC) with flame ionization detection (FID). Analytical Chemistry Research 2015;3:54-62. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ancr.2014.09.002

Eugene F. Barry, Robert L. Grob. Columns for gas chromatography: performance and selection. New Jersey, USA: JOHN WILEY & SONS; 2007, pp. 312-319. https://doi.org/10.1002/0470114185

SigmaAldrich.com. SP-1700 GC Column Provides Reproducible Hydrocarbon Analyses; 2014 [Updated 10 July 2014; on 18 November 2016]. Available at http://SigmaAldrich.com.

Coleman P, Ettre L. Analysis of gases containing inorganic and organic compounds using a combination of a thick-film capillary column and a packed adsorption column. Journal of High Resolution Chromatography 1985;8(3):112-118. https://doi.org/10.1002/jhrc.1240080302

Raj S, Sumangala R, Lal K, Panicker P. Gas Chromatographic Analysis of Oxygen and Argon at Room Temperature. Journal of Chromatographic Science 1996;34(10):465-467. https://doi.org/10.1093/chromsci/34.10.465

Duquet D, Dewaele C, Verzele M. Coupling micro-LC and capillary GC as a powerful tool for the analysis of complex mixtures. Journal of High Resolution Chromatography 1988;11(3):252-256. https://doi.org/10.1002/jhrc.1240110307

Cavani F, Ballarini N, Cimini M, Trifirò F, Bañares M, Guerrero-Pérez M. Rutile-type metal (Cr, V) niobates as catalysts for propane ammoxidation to nitriles: In situ characterization and operando reactivity. Catalysis Today 2006;112(1-4):12-16. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cattod.2005.11.034

Clark J. Gas liquid chromatography; 2007 [Updated June 2007; cited on 23 December 2016). Available at http://www.chemguide.co.uk.

Restek.com. Practical ways to reduce analysis time in gas chromatography; 2012 [ updated November 2016; cited on 21 November 2016]. Available at http://www.restek.com/.

Zeng H, Zou F, Lehne E, Y. J, Zhang D. Gas Chromatograph Applications in Petroleum Hydrocarbon Fluids. Advanced Gas Chromatography - Progress in Agricultural, Biomedical and Industrial Applications 2012;:. https://doi.org/10.5772/34074

Zuas O, Budiman H. Flow rate of carrier gas affecting the key parameters of GC-TCD for CO2, C3H8, and CO analysis: An experimental investigation. J. Teknol. Ind 2016;39(2):59-68.

JENNINGS W. THE OPEN TUBULAR COLUMN. Analytical Gas Chromatography 1987;:25-39. https://doi.org/10.1016/b978-0-12-384355-5.50005-6

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17721/fujcV5I1P35-47


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

ISSN 2312-3222 (Online)

Creative Commons License
 French-Ukrainian Journal of Chemistry is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

Copyright (c) 2013 French-Ukrainian Journal of Chemistry